H: 1. In the German
natural, or the
"Hoboken", the cataloguer of Haydn's
works; H numbers are used instead of opus numbers for the
works of Haydn.
cadence that ends on the
instead of the tonic. Also called an
smallest interval that is commonly used in Western
music. There are 12 half-steps in an
Dulcimer: Wire strings stretched over a
trapezoidal sound box, somewhat similar to the
Zither. The strings are hammered
with a mallet, thus the hammer dulcimer. In Hungary it's called the
Hammerflugel: Refers to the
Piano due to its winged shape. Flugel is German for wing.
Kielflugel refers to
Hammer Klavier: This is the term used in the early 19th century for
Hand Bells: Requires a group of players each responsible for two to four
are graded in size and
Hardanger Fiddle: A traditional Norwegian
used to play folksongs and bridal
uniqueness is its four to five sympathetic strings that run under the four
Harmonica: Also known as
the Mouth Organ. Usually hand held, a free reed
rectangular in shape. Sound is produced by air passing through graduated reeds
set back into a narrow frame.
Progression: The movement from one
chord to another, usually in terms of
A series of notes produced above the
series includes the fundamental) which fall in the
of that pitch.
A type of organ or
instrument constructed of wood. Foot pedals
operate bellows that create either suction or generate air pressure. It was also
called a reed organ and was a popular substitute for the pipe
organ in churches.
Harmony: 1. The study
of progression, structure, and relationships of
pitches are in
agreement, or consonance.
Harp: The harp is an ancient
instrument. It is a chordophone, usually triangular in
shape having anywhere from 1 to 47 strings. The strings are knotted
perpendicular to the soundboard. It is played by strumming or plucking.
Harpsichord: Its shape is similar to that of a
Piano but having a much different sound.
Each string is plucked by a quill plectrum. It is closely related to a
or a Spinet and eventually lost popularity after the
Fortepiano became popular
Head Voice: The
upper register of the singing voice.
Heckelphone: Invented in 1904 by Wilhelm Heckel. It has a double reed made of wood with a
large conical bore producing low, rich and hollow sounds.
heroic tenor with a strong, robust singing voice.
Hemiola: The term applied to time values
in the ration of 3:2, e.g. three half notes in place of two dotted half
simultaneous performance of two slightly different melodies.
Hi Hat: These are the pair of cymbals you see in a
drum set that are opened and closed
by means of a foot pedal. They are mounted on floor stands and are placed higher
drums in a
in which one voice has the
melody, performed with a
Hunting Horn: A horn used in the chase of a hunt. Used to alert other hunters.
Hurdy Gurdy: This looks like a thick
Violin but rather than using a
bow, a crank turns a
rosined wooden wheel that plays its strings. A
keyboard mechanism provides a
string stop while the strings maintain permanent contact creating the continuous
drone sound. It has the capability of sounding like several
Hymn: A song, often a
written in praise of God, or for a religious congregation.